Swat Emerald called Zamurd (locally) is highly prized throughout the world for its exceptional transparency, vibrant deep green color, and natural hexagonal crystal formations. These beautiful gemstones come from Pakistan’s Swat Valley in Fizagat mines near Mingora. Fizagat Swat emerald mine is estimated to hold 70 million carats of deposits.
At one time Swat had three active emerald mines operating in it, today only the Mingora mine remains in operation.
History of Swat Emerald Mines
Emeralds have been mined from the swat valley for more than 2,500 years. Stones mined from this area have been found among the ruins of an ancient Roman settlement in present-day France.
Many of the emeralds found in the treasured antiquities of India are also believed to have been in Pakistan Swat Valley and Afganistan’s Panjshire Valley. Although swat emeralds may have been well known to the ancient Romans they were forgotten by the world outside the swat valley until the mines were rediscovered by the State of Swat in 1958.
The gemstone corporation was the owner of the mines from 1979 until 1995 and then they passed into the hands of the local government.
Today the world’s biggest consumers are the US and Japan where 75% of the world’s gemstone quality emeralds are purchased.